Estonia, a small country (1.3 million residents), has earned much international attention because of its Presidency of the Council of the European Union (EU) in the second half of 2017. One of the main events organized for this period is “a digital summit for open-minded discussions about Europe’s digital future” [1:19]. Many of the ideas raised at the summit come from everyday practice: Estonia has enjoyed success stories in ICT implementation in a broad field of public and private sectors for last 15–20 years. The key event for that development was the launching of the Tiger Leap program in Estonian schools, 1996. The program fully equipped schools with computers and Internet access and other ICT services. Computer science classes were provided in 84% of schools in the following eight years , and computer skills started to call a new literacy. An e-governance program, making Estonian Government’s assemblies paper-free was launched in 2000. Many public e-services including electronic identity card and based on that authentication and digital signing of documents enabled ‘one stop shop’ portal (www.eesti.ee). This is a Gateway to e-Estonia where the citizen can apply practically all state services, for example, electronic voting, the Electronic Health Registry and e-Prescription, not to mention tax declaration or registering of buying-selling a car. Particular attention on international level was evoked by the e-residency system following changes to the residency legislation in 2014 .